2 edition of Medico-legal application of blood-grouping with reference to paternity. found in the catalog.
Medico-legal application of blood-grouping with reference to paternity.
R. W Elsdon-Dew
in Cape Town
Written in English
From the South African Medical Journal, 10.
|Other titles||South African Medical Journal.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||8 p. ;|
Over the past three-quarters of a century, information from studies on blood groups have been applied to medico-legal application. The use of blood group substances in medico-legal examination is based on the fact that once a blood group is established in an individual, it remains unchanged throughout his life. Recent developments in DNA profiling technique allow highly efficient personal identification using minute amount of forensic specimens such as blood stains. to deny paternity of the child and allege adultery by his wife.' The physician who performed the tests died before he could either testify as to his findings or reduce them to a writing admissable as evidence of them. Consequently, the trial court judge ordered the parties to appear for another blood-grouping test.
The availability and frequency of genetic testing is increasing. Genetic testing poses some unique ethical and legal issues for medical practitioners because of the potential to identify genetic variants that carry implications for the risk of disease in the future for the patient and their relatives. | RACGP. The book is divided into three parts: "Theoretic Foundation of Blood Grouping," "General Technic of Blood Group Investigation" and "Special Application of Blood Grouping Technics." The subjects are clearly and briefly discussed with the idea of aiding clinicians, serologists, anthropologists and workers in legal and in military medicine.
Methods of blood grouping Identification of blood groups. The basic technique in identification of the antigens and antibodies of blood groups is the agglutination test. Agglutination of red cells results from antibody cross-linkages established when different specific combining sites of one antibody react with antigen on two different red cells. By the late s, Chinese medico-legal experts were assisting police and judicial officials in questioned paternity cases by testing various blood group systems (ABO, MN, P, Rh), serum protein systems, red cell enzyme systems, and HLA, not simply for exclusions but also to calculate the likelihood of paternity (commonly in the form of a.
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The Value and Application of Blood Grouping Tests for Exclusion of Paternity Blood groups are inherited according to laws of inheritance known as the laws of Mendel. Properties transmitted to posterity by inheritance are divided into two classes: (a) Dominant properties which.
Abstract This is a well-written, scientifically reliable book. It deals with one important practical application of blood grouping tests: medicolegal cases of disputed : A. Wiener. medico-legal applications of blood-grouping, with special reference to the agglutinogens m and n of landsteiner and levine * Alexander S.
Wiener * The work discussed in this article was aided in part by grants from the Committee on Scientific Research of the American Medical : Alexander S. Wiener. Most of this little monograph deals with the usefulness of blood grouping as a method of paternity exclusion (occasionally inclusion).
It provides an up-to-date bibliography of this rapidly expanding field. The standard methods for "forward" and "back" typing are outlined. Paternity testing by blood grouping.
[Leon N Sussman] Note: Citations are based on reference standards. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study. The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied.
A short, multiauthored text on the genetics and medicolegal procedures of paternity testing and on methods using studies of the major and minor blood groups, serum proteins, and erythrocyte enzymes.
Brief comments on potentials for newer methods, including HLA typing. Author and subject indexes. An illustration of a computer application window Wayback Machine. An illustration of an open book.
Books An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Paternity testing by blood grouping by Sussman, Leon N., Publication date Includes bibliographical references and indexes Access-restricted-item true Addeddate By using ABO blood grouping in paternity trio cases we could show that ABO genotyping is superior to phenotyping with regard to statistical parameter such as PL and PE.
In 12 of 35 trios (%) where paternity was excluded by at least 5 of 12 STR markers, the ABO genotype also excluded paternity. The ABO phenotype could exclude paternity in. A blood group comparison is not enough to indicate paternity or maternity because your biological child may not have the same blood group as yours.
Let’s see why. The most used blood group system is the ABO system, which divides people into 4 blood groups; A, B, AB and O.
Although blood group studies cannot be used to prove paternity, they can provide unequivocal evidence that a male is not the father of a particular child.
Since the red cell antigens are inherited as dominant traits, a child cannot have a blood group antigen that is not present in one or both parents.
Medico-Legal Aspect of Blood Group Determination. _ The determination of the blood groups may also come to have applications in legal medicine in two ways: firstly, in the narrowing down of the indivi- duals from whom a given sample of blood may have come ; and, secondly, in the determination of paternity.
Note: Citations are based on reference standards. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study. The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied.
Paternity testing by blood grouping. Description: xvii, Blood grouping tests: medicolegal uses, by Leon N. Sussman Disputed paternity: the value and application of blood tests / Neville J.
Bryant Medico-legal blood group determination: theory, technique, practice / by David Harley. subject, and the forensic application of blood grouping tests-as legal evidence in court to prove non-paternity-is now firmly established in many jurisdic-tions.
Blood grouping tests have been used in many European countries since with a substantial percentage of exclusions-that is, instances, when the. 1. Introduction. When a lecture about “Blood group diagnosis as a forensic method” was given on the evening of the 24th January at a meeting of the Medico-Legal Society of Berlin, nobody in the auditorium could foresee that this evening would be the beginning of the serological paternity lecturer was Fritz Schiff who was the head of the Department of Bacteriology at.
The very first paternity tests were performed by comparing blood types. However, this method cannot provide a reliable evidence of paternity.
However, sometimes it can eliminate a possibility to be a potential father. Furthermore, you may already know each testing party’s blood type from medical records. In that case your expenses will equal. Blood group depend on the paternity blood typeexpression of an ABO gene located on chromosome 9, A, B, AB or O.
Human beings have two pairs of each chromosome, each parent having provided. Our genotype is comprised of two possible expressions of this gene, which gives the following possible combinations AA, AB, AB, AO, BO, OO. The value of blood grouping in the solution of medicolegal problems has been firmly established.
The pioneer work of Landsteiner 1 in the early part of the century, continued by Wiener 2 in this country and Andresen in Europe, 3 has led to universal acceptance of the immutability of a person's blood type.
The laws governing the inheritance of the characteristics that determine the blood type. Note: Citations are based on reference standards.
However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study. The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied. useful bibliography of medico-legal works in English (Brit- tain, ), which contains some references to the medico- legal examination of blood and body fluids.
Brittain was apparently engaged, at the time of his death, in the prepara- tion of an extensive, closely-documented work on the origins of. The medico-legal significance of blood groups of fatherhood.^ The three biological technologies for paternity testing--blood grouping, HLA testing, and DNA fingerprinting--illustrate the.The use of blood grouping tests in disputed paternity, filial relationship, personal identification, forensic medicine, and other medicolegal problems has become increasingly frequent in the past twenty years [1–7].Several recent articles concerned with pitfalls and exceptions in the interpretation of the laws pertaining to this highly accurate science have appeared [8–10].Blood group, classification of blood based on inherited differences in antigens on the surfaces of the red blood cells.
The most well-known classification, the ABO blood group system, was developed by Austrian-born American biologist Karl Landsteiner in Learn more about blood groups in this article.